GVM Scientific Steering Committee
The GVM network will work principally through holding workshops and secondments of staff and students ..... Exchanges and secondments will allow partners to work closely together to develop the data, methodologies of analysis, write papers together where novel research results emerge, and to develop the outreach side of the project.
Sara Barsotti (Iceland Met Office)
Hugo Delgado (UNAM, Mexico)
Hélène Galy (Willis)
Jean-Christophe Komorowski (IPGP)
Jose Palma (UDEC)
Kristín Vogfjörð (Iceland Met Office)
Steve Sparks is a Professor of Geology at the University of Bristol. His research interests are in volcanology, geological fluid mechanics and the assessment of environmental hazards and their attendant risks. He is a former President of IAVCEI and the Geological Society of London, and is currently the President of the Volcanology, Geochemistry and Petrology Section of the American Geophysical Union. He is funded by research grants from the European Union and the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) of the UK to investigate volcanic hazards and risks. Some of these funds are supporting GVM work on developing volcanic hazards databases and new method to assess volcanic risk. He is co-PI on a NERC grant to support the initial development of GVM.
Ben Andrews studies volcanic processes at the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, DC. He is a member of the American Geophysical Union, Geological Society of America, and IAVCEI. His research focuses primarily on physical processes of explosive eruptions and the pre-eruptive storage conditions of magmas. In examining volcanic processes, Ben uses a combination of scaled laboratory experiments, petrologic experiments, laboratory analyses, and fieldwork. Prior to joining the Smithsonian Institution in May 2011, he was an NSF Earth Sciences Postdoctoral Fellow at University of California Berkeley. Ben has a PhD from The University of Texas at Austin, an M.S. from University of Alaska Fairbanks, and a B.S. from the University of Oregon Honors College.
Sara works at Icelandic Meteorological Office as the Coordinator for Volcanic Hazards Monitoring and Forecasting since July 2013. Until this date she was researcher at Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Sezione di Pisa. She got her Master Degree in Physics at the University of Pisa, and her Ph.D. in “Physical modelling for the environmental protection” at the University of Bologna. Her expertise mostly concerns research on Eulerian-Lagrangian modelling and numerical simulation of explosive volcanic phenomena. In particular, she dedicated most of her studies on the eruptive column dynamics and tephra and volcanic gases dispersal processes. She has also experience on volcanic ash hazard assessment through forecasting and probabilistic approaches. Sara was involved in many International research projects on several volcanoes worldwide [Mt. Etna (Italy), Mt. Redoubt (Alaska), Eyjafjallajökull (Iceland), Merapi (Indonesia), Mt. Vesuvius (Italy), Santorini (Greece), La Soufriere of Guadaloupe (Lesser Antilles)].
Sara Bazin has a wide geophysical background from both research and consulting. She works for the Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (NGI) in Oslo, Norway. Prior to joining NGI, she was a researcher at the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP). She was head of the Volcano and Seismic Observatory in Martinique (FWI) for IPGP from 2005 to 2008, and worked at the Volcano and Seismic Observatory in Guadeloupe (FWI) for IPGP from 2003 to 2005. She has run the international research project INTERREG IV for studying and monitoring seismic and tsunami hazards in the French Caribbean, involving partners from several countries in the Caribbean. She was a Marie Curie Fellow at the University of Cambridge in 2001. Sara obtained a PhD in Earth Sciences in 2000 at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (University of California San Diego), and an Engineer Degree in Geophysics & Geotechnics in 1994 at the Institut des Sciences et Technologies, Paris.
Gabriel is currently a PhD student in Structural Analysis at the Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), in Barcelona, Spain, as a scholarship holder form the Paul C. Bell program of the Florida International University (Miami, Florida), and researcher of the International Center for Numerical Methods in Engineering (CIMNE). He holds a degree in Civil Engineering and Mechanical Engineering as well as a Master of Science in Earthquake Engineering from the University of Los Andes, in Bogotá, Colombia. He worked as researcher at the Disasters and Risk Studies Center (CEDERI) and the Civil Works Research Center (CIMOC) of the University of Los Andes. He participated in the development of the CAPRA platform for the World Bank, IDB and UN-ISDR. He participated in the National Seismic Hazard Assessment Study of Colombia, as well as in defining seismic design coefficients for the Colombian construction code in its most recent version (NSR10). He has worked in several seismic micro-zonation studies, particularly for the cities of Bogota, Ibague, Popayan and Manizales in Colombia, and Quito in Ecuador. He has participated in the development of the Global Risk Model (GRM) for the Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR) of the United Nations. He has developed over 15 stand-alone software programs for analysis and processing in themes such as: engineering seismology, signal processing, seismic instrumentation, volcanic hazard assessment, soil dynamic response, structural analysis and risk management. He is a member of the Colombian Association of Earthquake Engineering (AIS), the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI), the Seismological Society of America (SSA) and the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior. (IAVCEI).
Adele Bear-Crozier is a physical volcanologist based at Geoscience Australia. She holds a PhD in Volcanology from Monash University and is the scientific lead for Geoscience Australia’s numerous volcanic hazard and risk programs currently which are primarily focused on the Asia-Pacific region. Her research interests have included the emplacement processes of pillow lava sequences in New Zealand and the eruption dynamics and conduit process associated with explosive caldera-forming volcanism in Central Italy. Her current research focuses on using probabilistic computational modelling techniques and statistical approaches to simulate volcanic ash dispersal and quantify volcanic hazard and risk to communities living in developing countries including Indonesia, the Philippines and Papua New Guinea. She is a member of IAVCEI and is leading Geoscience Australia’s volcanic ash hazard contribution to the United Nations Global Assessment of Risk (2015).
Eliza has broad interests across physical volcanology. In particular, her research focuses on the processes associated with explosive volcanism including the generation and emplacement of volcanic plumes and pyroclastic density currents, through the application of multi-disciplinary approaches and techniques. She also enjoys the applied aspects of work in this discipline, including the study of volcanic activity through volcano monitoring and studies related to hazard assessment and mitigation. Eliza works in direct connection with several volcano observatories in the Caribbean and Latin America.
Chuck Connor is a physical volcanologist. He holds a B.S. In Geology and B.A. In Anthropology from the University of Illinois, and M.S. and Ph.D. in Geology from Dartmouth College. He is a member of the American Geophysical Union and IAVCEI. Connor's work focuses on probabilistic assessment of volcanic hazards, development of numerical simulations and statistical models of volcanic processes, and application of geophysical methods to the investigation of volcanoes. He led an effort by the International Atomic Energy Agency to develop guidelines for the assessment of volcanic hazards in siting nuclear facilities, and worked with governments of Armenia, Japan, Indonesia and others to apply these guidelines. He has edited books entitled Statistics in Volcanology and Volcanic and Tectonic Hazard Assessment for Nuclear Facilities. He is a founding member of IAVCEIs Commission on Statistics in Volcanology, a forum for volcanologists and statisticians to share experience and expertise related to development and application of innovative analytical methods, to the benefit of all people who live with active volcanoes.
Elizabeth Cottrell is Director of the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program, which studies the world's active volcanoes and reports on their eruptions. Her research is helping us to understand how the interior of our planet has evolved. Volcanoes, she says, "are windows to the interior." Liz is an experimental petrologist and geochemist. Her current research interests include the volatile budget of the planet; volatile fluxes between the deep Earth and surface; the oxidation state of the mantle and the processes by which magmatic redox is modified; planetary core formation.
Elizabeth has an Sc.B. in geological sciences and geochemistry from Brown University and a Ph.D. in earth and environmental sciences from Columbia University. She has been at the Smithsonian since 2006.
Hélène is Head of Proprietary Modelling in Global Analytics, an analytical arm of Willis, the global insurance and reinsurance broker. Since 1998, she has been growing an analytical team which builds custom catastrophe and financial modelling tools, in order to help clients assess and manage their risks. She is also heavily involved in steering and leveraging the investment in the Willis Research Network. Her background is in Economics and Political Sciences (Sciences Po, Paris) and Environmental & Natural Resources Economics (MSc from University College London)
Claire Horwell is a leading expert in volcanic health hazards, studying the potential effects of inhaling volcanic ash, and other mineral dusts, from a mineralogical and geochemical perspective. She joined the Institute of Hazard, Risk and Resilience and the Department of Earth Sciences at Durham University, UK as an RCUK Fellow in 2007 and is now a Lecturer. Previously, she was a NERC Post-doctoral Research Fellow at the University of Cambridge, UK, studying natural mineral dusts and their respiratory health hazard. Prior to Cambridge, she held her first post-doctoral fellowship at the University of Bristol, UK where she founded the International Volcanic Health Hazard Network (www.ivhhn.org). She is also leader of the UK Natural Dust & Health Network and advises the World Health Organisation and the UK Health Protection Agency on volcanic health issues.
Gill is a volcanologist and leads the volcanology department in GNS Science. Her background is in magma physics and lava flow dynamics. She worked for several years at the Montserrat Volcano Observatory where she was deputy chief scientist from 1997-1999 (job sharing with Sue Loughlin as above!) and director in 2000-1 and 2003-4. Her current research areas include the quantitative volcanic risk assessments and improving science/decision-maker interaction. She leads the Geological Hazards theme in the New Zealand Natural Hazards Research Platform and she co-leads a multidisciplinary, multi-agency project on the Auckland Volcanic Field in collaboration with University of Auckland called DEVORA. She is the co-chair of the World Organisation of Volcano Observatories for the Asia-Pacific region.
Jean-Christophe Komorowski is now a Professor of Volcanology at the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (iPGP), in France after joining the institute in 1995. He obtained his PhD in volcanology at Arizona State University in 1991. Jean-Christophe Komorowski was Investigador in the Instituto de Geofisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, from 1991 to 1993 and worked extensively in Mexico from 1988 to 1997. He was Scientist in Charge of the Guadeloupe Volcanological and Seismological Observatory from 1997 to 2001. He has served as Resident Volcanologist at the Goma Volcanological Observatory in the Democratic Republic of Congo from 2002 to 2004 under the auspices of the United National Office of Humanitarian Affairs and was the Chairman of the Nyiragongo Scientific and Technical Committee from 2004-2006. Jean-Christophe Komorowski has collaborated extensively with the Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO) over the last 15 years and served twice as Acting Director of the MVO in 2008 and 2009. He served as a Consultant between 2006 and 2008 for the International Atomic Energy Agency to contribute to a recently published Safety Guideline on volcanic hazards and nuclear power plants. He served on the IAVCEI Executive Board from 2003 to 2007. His research interests include volcano flank collapse and debris-avalanche emplacement, processes and products of explosive eruptions, reconstruction of eruptive histories through multidisciplinary field and laboratory methods, tephrochronology, microtextural studies of volcanic products, and volcanic hazards and risk assessment. He is funded by the Agence National de la Recherche (ANR) in France and currently leads a 4-year project on volcanic hazard and risk assessment in the french Antilles. He is involved in a new ANR research project on Merapi volcano. He has participated to several European funded projects. Jean-Christophe Komorowski is IPGP's representative to the France's national observatory of natural risks (ONRN), the French yearly National assembly on natural risks (ANRN), and the French Association for the prevention of natural catastrophes (AFPCN).
Sue Loughlin is Head of Volcanology at the BGS-NERC, Edinburgh and Chair of the GVM Management Board. She worked at the Montserrat Volcano Observatory for several years as Deputy Chief Scientist between 1997 and 1999 (job-sharing with Dr Gill Jolly below!) and then as Director from 2004 to 2006. Her particular interests include explosive volcanism, lava dome eruptions, environmental and social impacts of volcanoes, interaction of scientists and decision-makers, and science into policy and procedure. Sue is co-PI on a NERC grant to support the initial development of GVM, other current projects include an EU FP7 project 'European Volcano Observatory Space Services'and a NERC-funded consortium 'Characterisation of the Near-Field Eyjafjallajökull Volcanic Plume and its Long-range Influence'.
Charlie Mandeville is the Program Coordinator of the USGS’s Volcano Hazards Program comprised of five volcano observatories in Hawaii, Alaska, Cascadia, California, and Yellowstone, and the Volcano Disaster Assistance Program (partnership with US Agency for International Development), and supporting research projects. He is a member of the American Geophysical Union and IAVCEI. He is a volcanologist with broad research interests in physical volcanology, petrology and geochemistry. Prior to joining the USGS as Associate Program Coordinator in 2010, he was a Senior Research Scientist at the American Museum of Natural History in New York and conducted research in petrology of volcanic rocks and magmatic volatiles studies. His Ph.D. research at the University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography, focused on the 1883 eruption of Krakatau. He utilizes stable isotopic data (S, O, H) combined with infrared spectroscopic and petrologic data from natural samples and experiments to delineate the sources of magmatic volatiles, extents and styles of degassing, correlation with eruptive styles and initial isotopic signatures. He currently conducts U.S. NSF supported research on recycling of sulfur in subduction zone magmatism utilizing secondary ionization mass spectrometry (SIMS) and X-ray absorption near-edge structure spectroscopy (XANES) for measurements of sulfur isotope ratios and speciation in mafic melt inclusions from arc volcanoes and experimental glasses from high temperature sulfur isotopic fractionation experiments.
Steve McNutt, Research Professor, is a volcano seismologist who works half time for the Alaska Volcano Observatory. He coordinates volcano seismology research for the UAFGI, and presently supervises two PhD students, a Post-Doc, and two full time employees. His research interests include studies of source and propagation effects for volcanic tremor, low-frequency events, and explosion earthquakes; volcanic hazards assessments in Alaska, California, and Central America; and the mechanical behavior of volcanoes, including periodicity of eruptions, and the effects of earth tides, sea level variations, and tectonic stresses on triggering eruptive activity. Since July 1999 he has served as Secretary-General for the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior
Warner Marzocchi is a chief scientist at Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), and Scientific Consultant for Analysis and Monitoring Environmental Risks (AMRA). He has coordinated, many national and international projects focused on eruption and earthquake forecasting and hazard assessment. Marzocchi's main scientific interests are eruption and earthquake forecasting and hazard assessment on a wide range of time intervals. He is author of more than ninety papers on JCR journals. Marzocchi graduated cum laude (1987) and received his PhD degree (1992) at the Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna. He became Associated Professor in Physics of Volcanism (1998) at the Osservatorio Vesuviano. He has been a member of the Advisory Group for NERC-ESRC programme, ‘Increasing Resilience to Natural Hazards’; co-Chairman of World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO); leader of the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth Interior's Commission on Statistics in Volcanology (IAVCEI-COSIV); member of the International Commission on Predictability of Earthquakes nominated by the chief of Dipartimento Protezione Civile after L'Aquila earthquake on April 6, 2009.
Robert Muir-Wood has an MA in Natural Sciences and a PhD in Earth Sciences from Cambridge University. His principal research interests are in extreme ‘catastrophe’ events in the earth system, relating both to the earth and atmosphere and a professional interest in how such events can be researched, reconstructed from historical and geological evidence and their risks modeled. He has led projects to develop probabilistic catastrophe loss models for a range of hazards including, earthquake, volcano, extratropical cyclone, tropical cyclone and flood perils in the US, Caribbean, Europe, Japan and Australia, and has been the technical lead on a number of catastrophe risk securitization projects. He was Lead Author on Insurance, Finance and Climate Change for the 2007 4th IPCC Assessment Report and on the 2012 IPCC Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation. He is the Vice Chair of the OECD High Level Advisory Board of the International Network on Financial Management of Large Catastrophes.
Chris Newhall is the group leader for volcano research at EOS. He studies processes leading to volcanic eruptions, and is working with a team at EOS to develop a modern database of worldwide volcanic unrest (WOVOdat). His previous projects include developing the volcanic explosivity index (VEI); using stratigraphic, petrologic and historical data to reconstruct eruptive volcanic behaviour; and researching processes of caldera unrest. Before joining EOS he worked nearly three decades in the US Geological Survey’s Volcano Hazards Program.
Jose L. Palma is a volcanologist and Professor in the Department of Earth Sciences of the University of Concepcion, Chile. His background is in engineering and earth sciences (geology and geophysics). Palma's main field of research is physical volcanology, with an emphasis on understanding eruption processes through analytical, numerical modeling and geophysical measurements. Some of his work include the study of degassing and magma flow at open-vent systems, volcanic threat assessments, numerical modeling of volcanic flows for hazard assessment, and volcano monitoring using infrasound, gas and seismic measurements. He also helped in the development of the Vhub cyberinfrastructure. He is currently the vice-president of the Latin-American Volcanological Association (https://vhub.org/groups/alvo).
Paolo Papale graduated in geology from the University of Pisa and has been Director of Research with the INGV since 2003. He has published about 50 scientific papers in international scientific journals and books; on the ISI international dissemination physical-mathematical modeling and numerical simulation of magmatic and volcanic processes, modeling of the thermodynamic and rheological properties of magmas, and quantification of volcanic hazard. He has participated in numerous projects of the European Community, and national and international projects in the fields of physics and the volcanic hazard of volcanism. He has participated in scientific missions of active volcanoes in Italy, Ecuador, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Congo, and was a member of the UN International Commission for the volcano-tectonic crisis in the region of Nyiragongo-Lake Kivu (Democratic Republic of Congo) . Currently coordinating national projects carried out by the INGV volcanic hazard for the Department of Civil Protection, and chair of the Division GMPV (Geochemistry, Mineralogy, Petrology and Volcanology) of the European Geosciences Union (EGU). He is also responsible for the specific national Physics Volcanism INGV.
Antonius Ratdomopurbo, now handling WOVOdat development at The Earth Observatory of Singapore (EOS), Nanyang Technological University. He had been working at Merapi Volcano Observatory, Indonesia during the period from 1986 to 2007, which then moved to Singapore for WOVOdat project in the beginning of 2009. He graduated from Universite J. Fourier, Grenoble France in 1995 in volcanology/seismology on a topic of using volcano earthquake- multiplets for detecting seismic-wave velocity change in volcano prior to eruption.
John is an internationally recognized expert in natural hazards risk assessment and in the application of risk information to support decision making for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation. He heads the International Group at Geoscience Australia, which is charged with developing and applying geoscience information internationally, in line with Australia’s interests, especially through partnerships with developing countries in the Asia-Pacific region. He is currently the Vice Chairman of the Governing Board of the Global Earthquake Model which is developing tools, data and international standards for earthquake risk analysis and is a member of the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction Advisory Group to develop a new international framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.
Dr. Anselm Smolka is the Head of Geological and Geophysical Risks, GeoRisks Research Group, at Munich Re. Previously, Dr. Smolka served in other positions in the GeoRisks Research Group at Munich Re, and at the Central Lab for Geo-Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Munich. He is a recognized expert in seismology, earthquake risk, natural hazards, natural hazards insurance; geology, and remote sensing. Dr. Smolka is a member of the Association of German Geologists; a Board member of the German Society for Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics; and holds memberships in the American Geophysical Union; Earthquake Engineering Research Institute; and the Seismological Society of America. Dr. Smolka holds studied Geology, Mineralogy, Geophysics and Remote Sensing, Ludwig-Maximilians- University, Munich, where he earned his Master of Science and Ph.D.
Shinji Takarada is a senior researcher at the Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST). His research interests are on volcanic density gravity currents such as pyroclastic flows and debris avalanches.
He did research on debris avalanches with Tadahide Ui when he pursued his Master's Degree in Kobe University. He specialized on the emplacement mechanism of pyroclastic flows and debris avalanches when he took my Ph.D. degree with Shigeo Aramaki in Hokkaido University in 1994. He is presently doing research on the 1991-1995 Unzen and 1929 Hokkaido Komagatake pyroclastic flows, the Shikotsu and Hakkoda ignimbrites and the Usu Zenkoji and 1980 St. Helens debris avalanches. He conducted some studies on some volcanic eruptions in Japan including the Unzen (1991-1995), Hokkaido Komagatake (1998, 2000), Meakan (1998), Usu (2000), and Kirishima (2011) eruptions. Recently, he is working on GEO Grid volcanic gravity simulation system for hazard mitigation. He is also involved in seamless digital geological map of Japan and Quaternary volcano database in Japan projects. He was a leader of commission on explosive volcanism (CEV), IAVCEI from 2004 to 2008.
Greg Valentine is a Professor in the Department of Geology and the Director of the Center for GeoHazards Studies. He holds a degress in Geological Sciences, University of California Santa Barbara, 1988. Specialty: Volcanic risk, basaltic volcanic fields, pyroclastic deposits, volcano fluid dynamics, volcaniclastic and surface processes. His research Interests are the consequences of volcanic activity and spatial-temporal behavior of volcanic systems, with application to risk assessment and coupling to infrastructure response models. Physical processes associated with basaltic volcanism, from the scale of eruptive styles at individual volcanoes to the dynamics of basaltic fields. Interpretation of pyroclastic deposits including large-volume, widespread ignimbrites and associated caldera. Multiphase fluid dynamics and numerical modeling of explosive eruptions. Evolution of volcanic landforms, particularly in arid environments.
Jose Viramonte is a Professor of Igneous Petrology and Volcanology at the Universidad Nacional de Salta and Principal researcher of CONICET. His research interests are in Physic volcanology, petrology and the assessment of environmental hazards and their attendant risks in Latin American Countries. He is a member of the American Geophysical Union and IAVCEI. He is a founding member of Asociacion Latinoamericana de Volcanologia (ALVO) in 2010. He assumed as the new President of ALVO in 2012. He is Scientific Consultant of UNESCO for volcanological Risks and geothermal projects. He has coordinated, many national and international projects focused on volcanic eruption forecasting and hazard assessment. Jose heads an International Group on Volcanology, which is responsible for developing and applying volcanology information, in line with Argentine interests, especially through partnerships with developing countries in the Latin America region. Since 1993 he has annually coordinated the International Central Andes Volcanological field Course, one of the most relevant field courses on Latin America.
Peter Webley is part of the UAF-AVO Remote Sensing group involved in operational use of remote sensing data for the volcanoes in Alaska. As part of this group, he is responsible for the Puff model predictions of the volcanic ash dispersion during operationally monitoring. In addition, he is one of five scientists who take the responsibilities for the AVO Duty Remote sensing scientist. This is an on-call duty, 24 hrs a day. He is also responsible for the development and maintenance of the automated Puff model ash dispersion predictions for elevated alert volcanoes for the NOPAC and beyond. This is displayed via website (http://puff.images.alaska.edu)
IDL, expert in ENVI software. Experience in coding into Google Earth and Maps, LINUX, FORTRAN + standard MS Office tools. Extensive knowledge of image processing + data analysis for several remote-sensing systems. PhD on InSAR for volcano deformation, attention to the atmospheric correction. Postdoc use of thermal remote sensing to Central American. Development of AVHRR station + automated thermal monitoring of volcanoes. Operational remote sensing team at AVO and Duty Remote Sensor team. Read more ...